Sanganakallu (Kannada: ಸಂಗನಕಲ್ಲು ) is an ancient village settlement from the Neolithic period (circa 3000 BC). It is a complex of hills (peacock hills) and is approximately 8 km from Bellary in Karnataka]. It is one of the earliest village settlements and the largest village complex in South India, spread over 1,000 acres. Since 1997, archaeologists from the Karnatak University and Cambridge University have been studying this archaeological site.
Sanganakallu was the first established village in South India. The first settlers who established the village traded stone tools among the Neolithic people. By around 2000 BC, this region was the largest stone tool producing centre in South India. By 1500 BC, cemeteries were created to bury the dead. Different types of burial structures have been found. now its on d way to moka from bellary.
At Sanganakallu the people who settled were the earliest agriculturists, they cultivated small millets and pulses, they kept sheep, cattle, they had separate areas for dumping dung (ash mounds), has the earliest houses of mud and stone.
The Neolithic rock art can be seen on boulders, hand percussion marks of rituals and social ceremonies (ringing rocks). Manufacture stone tools on a large scale shows the rich Neolithic culture and skills.